Paul Cézanne Career, Biography and Major Works


Paul Cézanne was born on January 19, 1839. She was the source of Cézanne’s conception and way of looking at the world. He also attended a primary school daily with his two younger sisters, Marie and Rose. In April 1861, Cézanne relocated to Paris. His lofty expectations in Paris were not realized because he was rejected from the École des Beaux-Arts, where he had applied. He was allowed to focus on life drawing while attending the free Académie Suisse. There he met Achille Emperaire from his hometown of Aix and ten years older Camille Pissarro. At the Louvre, he frequently imitated works by old artists like Michelangelo, Rubens, and Titian.

The mother of Cézanne passed away on October 25, 1897. He sold the now essentially abandoned property “Jas de Bouffan” in November 1899 at the urging of his sister and moved into a modest city flat at 23 Rue Boulegon in Aix-en-Provence; the intended acquisition of the “Château Noir” property was unable to be completed. He employed Mme Bremond as a housekeeper to care for him till he passed away.

Paul Cézanne Early Life

Leading member of the impressionist movement Paul Cezanne had a significant impact on modern art. He attended art school in Paris but didn’t feel at home there, so he preferred to work from his birthplace of Aix and occasionally took a shuttle to Paris. The harsh aesthetic of his early works reflects this unease in his existence. He collaborated with contemporary artists like Edouard Manet, Claude Monet, and Camille Pissarro while living and working in Paris. He transitioned from gloomy tones and strong emotions to brighter hues and less confrontational themes, such as pastoral or country settings and landscapes, under Camille Pissarro’s continual criticism and guidance.

He and Pissarro created “en plein air” paintings of the southern French countryside unlike anything else that had been done before. His works exhibit the devotion and enthusiasm with which he depicted his primary source of inspiration, nature. The artist and his aesthetics are responsible for a large portion of modern art, especially “cubism.” Contemporary artists hold his use of color and brushstrokes in high regard, and even now, his influence can be seen in every cubist work of art. His results are displayed at the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum, and the Louvre. To find out more about this personality, scroll down.

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Paul Cézanne Family:

Marie-Hortense Fiquet was a former spouse (M. 1886)

Louis-Auguste Cézanne was the father.

Anne-Elisabeth Honorine Aubert is the mother.

Sisters Marie and Rose


He attended primary school with his younger sisters, Marie and Rose. He later continued his education at Saint Joseph School in Aix. He entered College Bourbon (now known as College Mignet) in 1852, where he befriended Baptistin Baille and Emile Zola.

Paul Cézanne Career

In his early work, Paul Cezanne primarily used his imagination to create characters in plain landscapes and figures in landscapes. In the 1860s, he grew close to Camille Pissarro, and they went on several expeditions and painted landscapes. The two worked together on a variety of projects.

His work created the groundwork for the change from the 19th-century idea of artistic endeavor to a new and drastically different world of art in the 20th century. He was a French artist and a Post-Impressionist painter. According to legend, Cézanne built the link between late 19th-century impressionism and cubism, the new creative movement that emerged in the early 20th century.

This prolific artist produced over 900 oil paintings, 400 watercolors, and several unfinished pieces throughout his more than forty-year artistic career. He had 200 complete still-life paintings.

One of his well-known pieces, “The Boy in the Red Vest,” was taken from a Swiss museum in 2008 but was found after a Serbian police raid in 2012.

Most of Cezanne’s early works were influenced by the depressed Impressionist paintings of these artists, but due to his stormy relationships with them, he tended to use murky tones. Cezanne used a palette knife to create a group of paintings he titled “une Couillard” between 1861 and 1870.

The majority of Aix locals made fun of Cézanne during their lifetime. It was formed in 1973 in Aix-en-Provence as the Paul Cézanne Institution, with departments of law and political science, business administration, as well as natural sciences and technology. More recently, they even named their university after their internationally renowned artist. The University of Aix-Marseille was formed in 2011 when it was dissolved and united with the other two institutions in Aix and Marseille.

The Musée Granet in Aix had to make do with a loan of paintings from the Louvre to show tourists Cézanne, the son of their city, because they had previously rejected his works. Eight paintings and a few watercolors, including a motif from the Bathers series and a portrait of Mme Cézanne, were donated to the museum in 1984. There are currently nine Cézanne paintings on exhibit due to another donation made in 2000.

His latter works, which date from the years 1867 to 1869, are based on solid and evocative topics like “Women Dressing,” “The Rape,” and “The Murder.” Cezanne’s mistress moved to Marseilles, France, and started painting landscapes during the Franco-Prussian War.

As he neared the end of his life, the public and aspiring painters began to appreciate his paintings even more. As a result, the artist sent some of his illustrations to the “Salon des Independants” between 1899 and 1902.

He was given a full studio in 1904 to maintain his artwork. The “Atelier Paul Cezanne” is the studio’s name, which is still operational.

Paul Cézanne Major Work

One of his most well-known works is “Compotier, Pitcher, and Fruit,” which was created between 1892 and 1894 and is renowned for its texture and shadows. Although the artwork is of commonplace items, the combination of harmonized colors allows it to convey deep feelings. According to legend, this method and depth transformed art in the 20th century.

The picture “Les grandes bigness,” which he worked on from 1898 to 1905, is regarded as one of his masterpieces and is frequently examined for the nudists’ poses, symmetrical size, and various levels of detail.


Paul Cézanne Personal Life


Cezzane took considerable measures to keep his relationship with Marie-Hortense Fiquet, the subject of 27 pictures and the mother of his son Paul, a secret out of fear that doing so would result in his father cutting off his financial support.

He died from pneumonia, which he contracted while painting for two hours in a torrential downpour. His wife wasted her inheritance by gambling, but his son received his estate.

“Vivacious and romantic, but quick to take offense,” described his mother, Anne Elisabeth Honorine Aubert (1814–1897).

The city of Aix en Provence awards a Cezanne Medal in honor of exceptional performance in the field of art.

Cézanne was working in the field when he got caught in a storm on October 15, 1906.

He decided to leave work after two hours and head home, but while doing so, he passed out and lost consciousness. A passing laundry cart driver drove him home. He developed severe pneumonia as a result of hypothermia. He regained consciousness after his elderly housekeeper gave him a rubdown to improve his arms and leg circulation.

Louis-Auguste and Anne Elisabeth Honorine Aubert of Aix-en-Provence gave birth to Paul Cezanne. His mother has significantly impacted his attitude toward life and his artistic vision throughout his formative years.

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